Kyrie Irving led the Cavaliers with 20 points on 6-of-13 shooting in 27 minutes.
Taylor, who saw additional playing time after starting small forward Michael Kidd-Gilchrist left the game with a strained right hamstring, was 7 of 11 from the field and 3 of 4 from 3-point range.
Earl Clark had 12 points for the Cavaliers, who wrapped up the preseason 4-4.
Charlotte's Cody Zeller had 13 points and eight rebounds. But he'll have to wait for another night to face older brother Tyler, who remains out following an appendectomy.
The Bobcats (4-3) came into the game with the league's best defense this preseason, allowing fewer than 83 points per game. The Cavaliers were the first team to score 90 points against them.